For the last half-century, the automotive industry has benefited a lot with the use of robots. Ideally, the robots are used for a wide range of processes. Automakers have explored the use of robotics to make manufacturing processes more efficient than before. You should note that robots are more accurate, flexible, dependable, and efficient on the production lines. In fact, technology has allowed the automotive industry to be a core supply chain globally and the largest consumer of robots.
Industrial robotic arms can carry out precise work as they can easily see whatever they are doing. Ideally, the robot wrist has a camera array and laser that provides the machine with instant feedback. Thus, robots can offer to offset when they are installed apart as they know where they are going. Fenders, door panels, and windshields are more accurate as far as robotic vision is concerned.
Arch and Spot Welding
Industrial robots that have longer arms and large payload capabilities can easily handle spot welding on the heavy body panels. The smaller robots weld light parts like brackets and mounts. The inert metal gas (MIG) and inert tungsten gas (TIG) can position the torch in the required orientation with each cycle. As a result, preserving high standards in fabrication is possible.
In vehicle manufacturing plants, robotic arms assemble various parts such as pumps and motors at high speed. There are other tasks, such as wheel mounting, windshield installation, and screw driving, that can be done by robots.
Coating, Sealing, and Painting
As you know, the work of an automotive painter is not easy. Moreover, it is quite toxic. Also, labor shortages make it difficult to find professional painters. Thus, robotic arms can fill the void as their job entails consistent for every coat of paint. The robots follow a programmed path and cover large areas and even limit wastage. You should note that machines are efficient at spraying sealants, adhesives, and primers.
The process of transferring metal stamps, unloading CNC machines, and pouring of hot molten metal into the foundry is quite dangerous for human workers. In fact, this type of job is done by large industrial robots. Loading and unloading tasks and machine tending can be done by smaller robots.
You should note that robots easily follow a complex path several times. Thus, they are an ideal tool for trimming and cutting jobs. The light robots are suited to this work. Some of the tasks include polishing molds, cutting fabric, and plastic moldings.